About our Luxury Shoes


Construction Methods

There are three basic methods of shoe construction:


Blake Welting

Goodyear Welting

We use both, Blake and Original Goodyear production methods. Each of them has its advantages, and defines how the sole is attached to the upper.


Goodyear Welting

Original Goodyear welting is the oldest, most labor intensive, and most durable of the three methods of construction.

For more than 300 years, the Original Goodyear Welting process has been associated with excellence and superior workmanship. More than 60 craftsmen are involved in the process of manufacturing one of our Goodyear shoes, and they use between 25 and 50 different elements and pieces. All this involves a process with more than 120 handcrafted phases, from beginning to end.

In 1872 Charles Goodyear invented a machine capable of stitching the welt to the insole, thus revolutionizing the quality of footwear worldwide. Due to its longstanding heritage, little needed maintenance, waterproof durability and clean aesthetic, Goodyear method is highly valued in the high-end shoe market.


The welt refers to a strip of leather that is sewn around the perimeter of the upper of the shoe, onto the insole. The outer sole is then sewn to the welt, as opposed to being attached directly to the upper like the Blake stitch method.

The cavity created by the welt between the insole and the outer sole is filled with cork, another natural product which provides insulation, protection, and comfort: as you wear the shoe, the cork filler takes an impression of your foot, like memory foam.

This provides unparalleled comfort and support when compared to cheaper forms of manufacturing.

Blake Stitching

Experts recognize Blake-stitched shoes by their soles: the insole is sewn directly to the outsole. Blake-stitched shoes such as loafers don’t have cork bottom fillers or any additional layers of insulation.


A special sewing machine is used for this shoe production method—this machine directly stitches through the outsole, insole and bottom edge of the shoe shaft, connecting them without using welts.

Blake-stitched shoes don’t feature cork bottom fillers or additional layers of insulation, like Goodyear shoes. Loafers are a prime example of this kind of shoe. As opposed to Goodyear-welted men’s shoes, blake-stitched shoes are assembled in fewer steps.


Cementing is the fastest, and most common method of attaching the sole of a shoe. Once the upper is shaped and completed around the last, the sole is attached with an adhesive, and no welting is used.

Slippers fall under this category, as well as some other Men Dress rubber soles, like the Running and Sportwedge rubber soles.

Sole Units

From the formal and classic Plain Leather Sole, to the new casual Running Rubber Sole, each one has its own personality.

Some standard soles, which are available are shown below.


Choose Between Soles

To alternate between soles, look for the Sole Selection Widget, located on the bottom right of your 3D Designing Tool.

Looking for more sole units?

We have plenty of different shoe lasts, shoe styles, shoe patterns, sole units… etc for you to choose from.

Shoe Lasts

At Manoeuvre Clothing, we construct shoes on a wide variety of Last. Lasts are foot-shaped forms that provide shoemakers with a foundation for building a shoe. The last used during shoe assembly can affect the overall fit of a shoe, as well as the aesthetics and look of the shoe.

Some shoe styles can be assembled using different lasts, and others only with a specific one. For instance, a pair of Goodyear Welted Oxfords can be ordered using 3 different shoe lasts (Zurigo, Monti and Savile) each one with its own unique characteristics.

When selecting a shoe style on the 3D Designing Tool, you will be asked to choose the Last to be used, if it applies.

Heel Options (Higher Height)

For Goodyear production, two heel options are available:

The standard heel is approximately 26 mm (1 inch).

The higher heel you can add up 8 mm (0.34 inch) in height for a total of 34 mm (1.34 inch).

The fitting and comfort provided on the higher heel is exactly the same as the standard one.

To order an MTO pair of shoes with a higher heel, look for the accessories configuration tab, on the right bottom part of the 3D Designing Tool. Note that the heel selector will be displayed based on the style and sole unit being used at the moment.

We have plenty of different shoe lasts, shoe styles, shoe patterns, sole units… etc for you to choose from.